Silicon dioxide or silica, as it is commonly known as, is an important constituent of sand. However, it is found in several other forms too. In this article, we shall look into the physical and chemical properties of silicon dioxide, and learn a little about its molecular structure.
The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with a chemical formula of SiO2 and has been known for its hardness since antiquity. Silica is most commonly found in nature as sand or quartz, as well as in the cell walls of diatoms.